“The child has one intuitive aim: his self-development. He desperately wants to develop his inner resources: his abilities to cope with a strange, complex world. He wants to do and learn and see for himself, and not through the eyes of an adult. The child who accomplishes this moves into harmony with the rest of the world. He becomes a full person” (Dr. Maria Montessori).
What is Montessori Education?
Montessori education is a natural way of learning for young children. Through the five senses, the child in his first six years absorbs his environment like a sponge. He teaches himself his native tongue (and often other languages), forms his basic personality, sets up his emotional framework for the rest of his life, and begins his acquisition of knowledge. The Montessori classroom builds upon his first years at home and provides hundreds of concrete, hands-on materials through which the child may learn, organize, and create his reality.
Who is Montessori?
Dr. Maria Montessori was the first female physician in Italy, having graduated from the University of Rome at the turn of the 20th century. Her pediatric residency was taken in an institution for children who were thought to be “mentally deficient.” As a keen scientific observer, she realized that these children were hungry to learn, if only they could have objects to teach them. She translated the studies conducted by two French doctors, John Itard and Edward Sequin, into Italian and began making the same materials and creating more than they had used in France with atypical children. After several years of using the new materials, more than half of her children passed tests to enter public school, and the world sat up and took notice of this young Italian physician(McClurkin, S. (2003). All I Ever Wanted to Know About Montessori and Didn’t Know Who to Ask)